Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

ReGenX Coils and ReGenXtra switching

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • BroMikey
    replied
    Back around 2000 Thane was working on this stuff and here
    is one of his first entries in 2003 that is easy to read. Very short
    and to the point.


    http://www.freeenergynews.com/Direct...eia_patent.pdf


    PatentÂ*2437745Â*Summary - Canadian Patents Database





    Here is an 8 year old entry stating that Thane Heins has nothing.
    Or have I read this wrong. You see our problem here? If statements
    like this are to be retracted then why hasn't the retraction come?
    I guess now we can see why Thane no longer comes here.


    No Useful Output

    On Feb. 6, 2008, Peter Lindemann, DSc, writes:

    I have reviewed all seven video links. In all fairness, I would like to
    say that Thane has built some nice demonstrations and spent a lot
    of time running experiments. That said, the films show nothing
    important. First of all, the films do not show enough detailed
    information to evaluate the demonstrations. Second, no free
    energy is shown. In fact, the generators are never shown
    producing any useful outputs. They are either shown
    producing voltage in "open circuit" mode, or they are shown in
    "short circuit" mode, where the generated voltage drops below
    one volt. So, ZERO WATTS are produced in either case.

    The changes in mechanical drag are due to changes in inductance
    and hysteresis. Back in the 1980's, both John Bedini and I
    independently worked with "variable reluctance" generators.
    We both saw that these designs work like an inverse to a
    standard induction generator. That is, they produce maximum
    drag in "open circuit" mode, and minimum drag in "short circuit"
    mode. John found that the point of maximum benefit in this situation
    is to charge a battery, where the impedance of the generator
    "sees" the battery as a "near short circuit". Under these
    circumstances, the generator free-wheels and the battery
    charges quickly.

    Unfortunately, Thane is not showing any useful benefits from
    the generator output. So, there is no "efficiency" to calculate
    because there is no output!

    The real problem with these demonstrations has to do with his motor
    drive. The motor driving his system is a single phase induction motor.
    This type of motor has almost zero starting torque, and only
    produces its rated power at rated speed. So, the rated speed of
    his motor is
    probably in the neighborhood of 1725 RPM. Running this motor in
    the 100 RPM range converts 98% of the input electric power to HEAT.
    He says he has a capacitor in the input circuit to the motor, but
    this is never shown in schematic, so we don't know how it is hooked
    up. If the capacitor is connected in SERIES with the motor winding,
    it will act as a current limiter, and skew the power factor of the
    motor towards reactive power. This is fine, IF you want to limit
    the mechanical power of the motor as well. If the capacitor is
    connected in PARALLEL with the motor winding, it will act to
    produce reactive power for the motor locally, and reduce the
    amount of power it draws from the wall. But again, this would
    only be significant at rated speed.

    The effect he shows when a magnetic field is applied to the motor
    shaft would be undetectable if he was operating the motor correctly.
    It is a very weak effect. It is probably caused by the external
    magnetic field interfering with the induced magnetic field of the
    rotor. This would not happen if the motor coils were not being
    severely current limited and the rotor was not "slipping" severely
    in the rotating magnetic field of the stator.

    My GUESS is that the capacitor is in SERIES with the motor winding.
    This will limit the current to the motor to a specific maximum. At the
    speeds he is running these motors, the only other mechanism to hold
    back the input current would be the resistance of the wire in the
    motor coils. If that is all he had, the motor would quickly over-heat
    and melt the insulation right off the wire. The fact that the motor
    is running hot is proved in the seventh film where a large black fan
    is shown blowing on the motor!

    From the data presented, my best estimate of the efficiency
    of the demonstrations is that over 90% of the energy going into
    the motor is converted to heat. The changes in drag of the
    generators is standard behavior for variable reluctance topologies,
    so accelerations or decelerations of the motor DO NOT represent
    energy production, just changes in HYSTERESIS DRAG. Since no
    output energies are ever measured, the input to output efficiency
    ratio is ZERO.

    Thane Heins may have more important discoveries in his lab,
    but they are not demonstrated in these videos.

    I'm really sorry to have to comment negatively on Thane's work.
    He is exploring a new effect, and he is pretty brave to put out his
    data. It took John and I years to figure out what these kinds of
    generators were really doing and why. It is not obvious, and it
    takes a lot of experimenting and thinking to work it out.

    Thane really needs to show the complete schematic of his test
    apparatus, including the strength and orientation of the magnets
    on his generator wheel, as well as the specifications on his drive
    motor. There is a lot of important data missing from the demos.
    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-06-2016, 10:21 PM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Stages of coil operation.

    First two Conventional stages then ReGenX have three stages.

    Patent US20140111054 - Generator and Improved Coil Therefor Having Electrodynamic Properties - Google Patents


    Conventional Generator Coil Operation, Stage 1 and Stage 2

    FIG. 9 shows what happens when a North Pole rotor magnet approaches
    a conventional coil which is connected to a load, current flows to the
    load and the coil produces both a repelling resistive electromagnetic
    force as seen by the approaching rotor magnet as well as an
    attractive resistive electromagnetic field as seen by the receding
    magnetic field. The net effect is more externally applied force must
    always be applied to the rotor magnets to keep them approaching
    the coil or they will decelerate and eventually stop if the load current
    is great enough. The higher the current magnitude flowing in the coil
    the stronger the coil's induced magnetic field and the more force must
    be applied to the rotor.

    When the North Pole rotor magnetic field begins to move away from the
    coil's core as shown in FIG. 10, the current flow direction changes
    direction as well and the coil's induced resistive magnetic field changes
    from a repelling magnetic field to an attracting magnetic field which
    resists the North Pole rotor's departure.

    ReGen-X Generator Coil Operation, Stage 1, Stage 2 and Stage 3

    In Stage 1 as shown in FIG. 11, when the rotor's magnet field
    approaches the ReGen-X coil above a certain critical minimum
    frequency the coil impedance delays current flow in the coil and
    it does not peak until the rotor magnet passes TDC. TDC is the
    point in time when the rotor magnet is neither approaching nor
    receding the coil and it is
    essentially stationary. FIG. 5 shows the current sine wave in the
    ReGenX coil (B) which is minimal prior to TDC and maximum
    after TDC. When the rotor magnetic field approaches a ReGenX
    coil above the coil's critical minimum frequency the current is
    delayed and the resultant repelling magnetic field is minimal as
    shown in the isolation

    diagram below FIG. 12.

    FIG. 12 shows the current sine wave for a conventional generator
    coil (A) which peaks at the 90 degree mark (TDC). The resistive
    repelling magnetic field produced by the coil increases in magnitude
    until it peaks at 90 degrees and then changes direction to a
    maximum magnitude resistive attracting magnetic field after the
    90 degree mark when the current flow in the coil also changes
    direction. The current flowing in the ReGenX generator coil on
    the other hand is small prior to the 90 degree mark and does not
    peak until after TDC or until the rotor magnet is already moving
    away from the coil's core. The NET result is the post
    90 degree (accelerative) repelling forces are greater than the
    pre 90 degree (decelerative) repelling forces exerted by the ReGenX
    coil's induced magnetic field on the rotor's rotating magnetic
    field and rotor acceleration occurs under load.

    FIG. 13 shows Stage 2 for the
    ReGenX generator coil when the rotor magnetic field is TDC,
    neither approaching nor receding from the coil's core.

    At TDC the impedance of the coil drops to the low DC resistance
    of the
    coil while the induced voltage in the coil is at a maximum. The
    maximum induced voltage can now be dissipated through the
    coil's low DC resistance which produces maximum current flow
    through the coil and to the load. The ReGenX coil's current flow
    is delayed by the coil's inductance rise time as shown in FIG. 2.
    and maximum current flow
    and corresponding maximum magnetic field produced around the
    coil does not fully manifest itself until 45 degrees post TDC. Once
    the rotor's magnetic field begins to move away from the coil's core
    at TDC the ReGenX coil's delayed and peaking magnetic field repels
    and accelerates the rotor magnetic field in the same direction as its
    original trajectory and accelerates its departure away from the coil
    at a faster rate than it otherwise would be.

    FIGS. 14 & 15 show Stage 3 for the ReGenX coil operation where the
    rotor's rotating magnetic field has moved past the coils core at TDC.
    When the ReGen-X coil discharges its delayed magnetic field which is
    the same polarity as the receding rotor magnet it accelerates the
    magnet's departure at a faster rate while simultaneously attracting
    the opposite pole on the rotor which is now moving into position. The
    net effect is less externally applied force can be applied to the rotor
    magnets to keep them approaching the coil as opposed to a
    conventional generator coil which requires an increase in eternally
    applied force. The higher the current magnitude flowing in the
    ReGen-X coil the stronger the coil's induced magnetic field and the
    less force is required to keep the rotor rotating and the generator
    producing electrical energy.

    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-07-2016, 11:20 PM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Here is one important Patent for the ReGenX coils and
    acceleration Under Load. Here you will find the math needed
    to build your replication. Anyone who can run the math will
    be close enough to experiment.


    US Patent
    Application for Generator and Improved Coil Therefor Having
    Electrodynamic Properties Patent Application (Application
    #20140111054 issued April 24, 2014) - Justia Patents
    Search


    Some math highlights.

    FIG. 2: The Time Constant Rise Time in a Series Inductor Circuit.
    The ReGenX coil's inductance contributes to the coils rise time
    post TDC which in turn contributes to the 45 degree current
    time delay.

    FIG. 14: Isolation Oscilloscope Shot Showing ReGenX Coil
    Current 135 Degree Delay

    FIG. 25: Bi-Filar Wound Parallel Connected Coil

    FIG. 26: Bi-Filar Wound Series Connected Coil

    Total Inductive Reactance (XL) of a Generator Coil:


    XL=2πFL

    where: XL is the total inductive reactance
    F is the operating frequency of the coil
    L is the inductance of the coil
    As can be deduced from the above equation, as the
    operating frequency of the coil is increased, the coil's
    inductive reactance must also increase.
    Total Impedance (ZT) of a Generator Coil:


    ZT=XL+RDC+XC

    where: XL is the total inductive reactance of the coil
    RDC is the DC resistance of the coil windings
    XC is the capacitive reactance of the coil
    As can be deduced from the above equation, as the inductive
    reactance of the coil is increased, the total impedance of the
    coil must also increase.

    If we employ Ohm's Law which states that:


    I=V/ZT

    We can deduce that, as the coil impedance increases, the
    current flow decreases accordingly.

    As a magnetic North pole approaches a coil, its magnetic field
    intersecting with the coil increases and causes an electromotive
    force (‘EMF’ or voltage) to be induced across the coil, in
    accordance with Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law, as given by
    Equation (1.1), where we take advantage of the fact that
    since flux ΦB for a coil is given by ΦB=NAB⊥ where B⊥ represents
    magnetic field perpendicular to the coil and the number of
    turns of the coil N and perpendicular area A remain constant, to
    obtain the second form given


    ε=−dΦB/dt=−NAd/B⊥dt  (1.1)


    Conventional generator coils employ coils of low inductance
    whereas the ReGen-X coil has inductance values and time
    constants that can be five times greater. This has an important
    role to play in the coils ability to allow current to flow through
    the coil.

    The effect of an inductor in a circuit is to oppose changes in
    current through it by developing a voltage across it proportional
    to the rate of change of the current. The relationship between
    the time-varying voltage v(t) across an inductor with inductance
    L and the time-varying current i(t) passing through it is described
    by the differential equation:

    At the instant the magnet is coaxial with the coil the situation
    is as illustrated in FIG. 9. Because the rate of change of the
    magnetic flux is instantaneously zero, the impedance of the coil
    drops rapidly and magnetic field in the core is ‘discharged’ back
    towards the rotor, repelling the passing North magnetic pole and
    attracting the next South magnetic pole in the series. It is
    postulated by the inventor that in this situation Lenz's law
    applies in the opposite sense and so the EMF generated by
    the coil is defined by Equation (2.2).


    εRegen-X=+dΦB/dt=+NAdB⊥/dt  (2.2)

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    In these pictures the rotor on the back is incomplete.
    The holes are drilled but the magnets are not yet installed.
    The rotor plate is also moves back so we can SEE.

    Thane is showing progress. But the important thing is that
    we envision the 24 magnetic pole alternating N to S on
    each side and the opposite ends of coils have the rotor 1
    magnet out of sinc with the other side.

    In other ways of stating this the opposite ends of all coils
    have an opposite pole magnet passing by it to produce an
    AC wave. Yet the coils do not operate all by themselves.

    The coils are a set of two as shown in the patent. Not
    one coil passing over one magnet, no, that is not how it is.

    Each thing we talk about is based on some past innovation
    in motor design and what Thane has done is to combine as
    many of these improvements as possible into his systems.

    The patent declares that one or two is responsible for the
    higher result when the rest of the story remains to be scene
    only by those who are applying themselves in this work.

    Special wire (Superconductors Type) special cores but the
    delayed lenz to be calculated based on timing that will assist
    motor action.

    Without numbers we are building a radio without a tank circuit
    and trying to find a radio station we like.

    I am trying to think this through and will be back with some math.
    Thane specifically pointed out one of his devices operating at a
    78 degree phase shift delayed coil action.

    Another video Thane comes back and shows a great big ReGenX
    coil that he says is only 2 ohms and works well. Others are 3,4,5,6
    ohm coils but the timing is a relationship between motor coil
    timing and RegenX/Assisting coil timing to get that phase angle.

    Math.





    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-05-2016, 02:06 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    lets say we had the proper HTS magnet wire and the right
    core material for producing or replicating the AUL effect that
    lowers input power while assisting rotor torque.

    I didn't say just AUL I said AUL that LOWERS input power and
    assists rotor torque.

    I didn't say having just AUL or acceleration under load.

    This brings me back to the BiTT work that I did for understanding
    the ReGenX coil arrangements. Unless you can see the effect
    with the BiTT, I don't feel that you have started from the beginning.

    The BiTT operates at 60hz on a completely different type of
    core material than conventional cores use yet everyone insists
    on using just whatever they have kicking around wondering
    why their rig was a flop.

    The BiTT and ReGenX use a phase shifted voltage to current
    reactive power and the BiTT uses 3X-5X the number of turns
    on a core that requires this. WHY?

    The BiTT is an AC transformer so pole reversals are continuous.
    The ReGenX coils are AC and poles also constantly reverse yet
    special transformer core materials such as grain oriented are
    used to reduce heating, WHY?

    I have AC coils that magnetize any metal around it. WHY?

    WHY do conventional cores operating in AC still need special
    materials?

    If you have a set of 2 or 3 homemade motor coils for motoring
    running at .5 milliseconds at 3600 RPM'S which in some cases
    are where convention coils run, what coils calculation would
    you show to assist that timing?

    Multiple choice: @3600 RPM

    A: a coil that has a 10 millisecond TC

    B: a coil that has a 3 millisecond TC

    C: a coil that has a 5 millisecond TC

    At what phase angle would you want your assisting coil to
    engage?

    Would it be 45 degrees?

    Would it be 75 degrees?

    Would it be 90 degrees?

    Would it be 180 degrees?

    Depending on which value you have chosen will give the proper
    coil dimensions, number of turns, size and type of wire.

    If I have a coil and magnet interacting every .5 milliseconds
    somewhere in between the time it takes to get from point A to
    point B my calculation for assisting will be made.

    If I have a .5 millisecond motoring coil timing and I use a
    5 millisecond Regenerative coil in the experiment, at what
    phase angle will this 5 millisecond coil enter into the equation?

    Will it come into play 5-10 poles down the line?
    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-05-2016, 12:42 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    I have not yet read all patents yet and reviewed all Thane
    Heins data but I have this. And alsoa common sense quote
    from the patent that calls for precise calculations in
    timing to assist rotor torque.

    Shade tree experiments are destine to fail, random tests
    without understanding coil calculation millisecond timing
    are futile.

    I have looked on many sites and NOBODY and I mean NOBODY
    is showing how they arrived at a timing calculation mathmatically
    to confirm that they are qualified to understand these systems.

    I will be back to address the similarities of the BiTT and ReGenX.

    Patent quotes in RED.




    4 --- The rate (speed) at which the magnet approaches the
    wire, Delta T.

    The inner coil , has a greater number of turns N,
    a stronger magnetic field strength B and a greater area
    perpendicular to the magnetic field A than the outer 2 coils
    which correspond to Magnets .


    The calculations show that by changing either the magnetic
    field strength B, or the length of the outer coil L, o the
    length of the lever are 3 or 4, the complimentary toque
    produced at the outer coil can be greatly affected and
    utilized to negate not only the negative emf’s but resistance
    in the bearings and the wire if a conventional generator
    design is utilized, i.e., copper or silver wire.

    Risks and Uncertainties

    There is an assumption being made in this design proposal
    which suggests that current will flow from the inner coil
    out through the outer coils and that the outer coils will not
    generate their own current. If there is an initial current being
    generated in the outer coils it will be overcome by the
    current generated by the inner coil because the inner coil
    will be designed to produce a current of greater magnitude
    and duration.
    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-04-2016, 11:18 PM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Images of double or Bi-Coil arrangement using type 2 HTS wire.

    http://lss.fnal.gov/archive/2009/pub...-09-537-td.pdf

    http://www.itep.kit.edu/hts4fusion20...nloads/1B2.pdf




























    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-04-2016, 11:28 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Here is a Patent document that speaks about wire type
    and the timing issue for tuning. If you are not using
    "Type II superconducting High temp wire" for building
    coils, you have missed the entire experiment.




    Infinity Generator
    Canadian Patent # 2,437,745
    ( 15 Feb 2005 )

    Description of Operation

    List of Components ( Figure 1.0 [ Not vailable ] )

    4 Permanent magnets; M1, M2, M3, m4
    4 Type II High Temperature Superconducting Wire and Coils C1, C2, C3, C4

    As the inner coil C1 and C2, rotates around magnets M1 and M2, a current is induced in the wire/coil.

    According to Lenz’s Law an electromagnetic force is produced around the wire/coil which acts to stop the rotating action as shown in Figure 1.0 by Force 1 and Force 2 (The Conservation of Energy).

    The inner coil C1 and C2, which is surrounded by magnets M1 and M2, dictates the magnitude and direction of current flow, which in turn is determines by faraday’s ;aw;

    When a magnet approaches an infinitely long wire or coil an electric voltage is induced in the wire.

    The magnitude of induced voltage (Emf) if determined by:

    1 --- The number of turns in the coil, N

    2 --- The strength of the external magnetic field, B.

    3 --- The area perpendicular to the magnetic field or the area of the coil, A.

    4 --- The rate (speed) at which the magnet approaches the wire, Delta T.

    The inner coil C1 and C2, has a greater number of turns N, a stronger magnetic field strength B and a greater area perpendicular to the magnetic field A than the outer 2 coils C3 and C4 which correspond to Magnets M3 and m4.

    As the current I flows out through the outer 2 coils C3 and C4, an electromagnetic field is produced --- Force 3 and Force 4, which encourages the direction of rotation rather than opposing it as was seen by the inner coils and the forces F1 and F2. This can be explained by the Left hand Rule of Electricity for Motors and the right Hand Rule for Electricity respectfully, where the thumb points in the direction of force applied F, the index finger points in the direction of the magnetic field B, and the middle finger in the direction of the current flow I.

    Because Type II High Temperature Superconducting Wire/Coils are employed there is no resistance in the wire and no loss of output due to the windings resistance in the exterior coils.

    Image 2 details what magnitudes and directions of torques are produced within the generator.

    The calculations show that by changing either the magnetic field strength B, or the length of the outer coil L, o the length of the lever are 3 or 4, the complimentary toque produced at the outer coil can be greatly affected and utilized to negate not only the negative emf’s but resistance in the bearings and the wire if a conventional generator design is utilized, i.e., copper or silver wire.

    Risks and Uncertainties

    There is an assumption being made in this design proposal which suggests that current will flow from the inner coil out through the outer coils and that the outer coils will not generate their own current. If there is an initial current being generated in the outer coils it will be overcome by the current generated by the inner coil because the inner coil will be designed to produce a current of greater magnitude and duration.

    Care must be taken to ensure that coils C3 and C4 and the rate (speed) at which the wire/coil approaches magnets M3 and m4 Delta T, does not have a negative effect on the generator’s performance.

    Current sensitive switching may be employed if needed to ensure the desired direction of current flow.
    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-04-2016, 09:40 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    According to the Thane Heins Patent information special
    wire must be used and we all know the core material is
    different than standard generators.

    Here is one definition of the wire needed.


    What is Superconductivity?

    Superconductivity is a phenomenon where some materials exhibit no electrical resistance below certain cryogenic temperatures.

    Superconducting Wire

    Superconducting wire is made of superconducting materials which, when cooled below its transition temperature, has zero electrical resistance (see the image to the right). Often the superconductor is in filament form or on a flat metal substrate encapsulated in a copper or aluminum matrix that carries the current should the superconductor quench (rise above critical temperature) for any reason.

    High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Wire

    There are two well-recognized types of high temperature superconducting wire: BSCCO, known as first generation (1G) wire, and ReBCO, known as second generation (2G) wire. ReBCO stands for “Rare earth - Barium - Copper Oxide” for the superconducting compound. BSCCO stands for “Bismuth - Strontium - Calcium - Copper - Oxygen." Each of these processes has been refined over 20 years time and each type of coated conductor has trade-offs. The driving element that classifies each is operating temperature. Most importantly, by significantly reducing the overall system operating temperature HTS device manufacturers can realize power output increases in the magnitude of 10X.

    First Generation (1G) HTS Wire

    First Generation (1G) HTS Wire has been commercially available since 1990. During 1G HTS wire manufacturing, the powdered superconductive material fills silver alloy pipes. These are subsequently processed into a multi-filament HTS wire by means of a special rolling technology. The most commonly used materials in early HTS were bismuth-based, specifically Bismuth-Strontium-Calcium-Copper-Oxide (BSCCO - pronounced biss-co). These materials have been used to construct a variety of HTS power devices including transmission cable, transformers, fault current controllers, motors and generators

    Though 1G HTS wire operated at higher temperatures and addressed the problem of costly cryogenics, the heavy reliance on silver as a raw material made the wire far too expensive to commercially produce. Recent improvements in 1G HTS wire performance has begun to shift this economic fault.

    Second Generation (2G) HTS Wire

    A majority of superconducting wire manufacturers are migrating to new Second Generation (2G) HTS materials utilizing Rare Earth, Barium-Copper-Oxide (ReBCO) compounds. 2G HTS materials are recognized as a superior superconductor by offering better performance in a magnetic field and improved mechanical properties - all at lower cost.

    HTS wire manufactured with 2G HTS technology now surpasses 1G wire in electrical performance but at higher cost. Few Rare Earth compounds are recognized as 2G HTS materials options. The industry currently uses a varying of Rare Earth compounds (Yttrium, Samarium, Neodymium, Gadolinium) with Barium-Copper-Oxide (ReBCO) as the choice materials for HTS wire and HTS devices. Extensive 2G HTS wire technology R&D, pilot production and manufacturing scaling efforts are underway.

    2G HTS wire offers additional benefits with its unique properties:

    Unmatched critical current capacity
    Increased in-field performance
    Significant cost advantages
    2G HTS devices are needed today to solve critical challenges in the power grid
    Increase power capacity
    Increase efficiency
    Reduce size, weight and footprint
    Improve utilization of assets


    Medium Temperature Superconducting (MTS) Wire

    HTS wire types using a Magnesium di-Boride (MgB) based process are usually produced by reaction of fine Magnesium and Boron powders, thoroughly mixed together and heated at a temperature around or above the melting point of pure Magnesium (> 600 °C).

    MgB2 wires and tapes are therefore realized by means of the so-called Powder-In-Tube method (PIT). Thanks to the higher operating temperatures, MgB2 systems can be cooled by modern cryocooling devices. The main competing advantages for MgB2 based HTS wire manufacturing are low cost raw materials and relatively simple deposition techniques.

    In contrast, MgB2’s low critical temperature (Tc) of 30 Kelvin is limited to applications that operate at lower temperatures (20 K). Low cost continues to be the main driver for MgB2 wire manufacturers.

    However, because of its relatively simple PIT deposition approach, many believe that MgB2 may in the near term better serve applications like electronics in the form of flexible flat ribbon cables and superconducting cavities for RF applications.

    MgB2 is a superconducting wire alternative operating at 20K; a temperature between LTS (4K) and HTS (65K)

    Primary focus for HTS motor and generator applications
    Price and performance is very attractive
    Performs very well in high magnetic fields
    Must operate between 15K to 30K
    Poor physical properties
    Cooling costs are more expensive and less reliable than liquid nitrogen
    Not practical for HTS cable application, although demonstrations are underway


    Low Temperature Superconducting (LTS) Wire

    Low Temperature Superconducting (LTS) technology, which operates at liquid helium temperatures (4 Kelvin), was discovered in 1911. This technology became commercially successful in the 1960’s when wire was made from LTS materials for use in superconducting electromagnets. LTS electromagnets create fields that are much stronger than conventional copper based electromagnets.

    Notably, these state-of the-art LTS electromagnets enabled new technologies like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). LTS superconducting wire is manufactured with Niobium Titanium (Nb-Ti) or Niobium Tin (Nb3Sn) using a powder-in-tube process, embedded in a non-superconducting matrix, such as a silver alloy, somewhat similar to the way traditional wire of copper or aluminum is made. Though LTS wire can be manufactured at costs competitive with copper, LTS devices are very expensive due to the high cost of cryogenic cooling and their reliance on silver. As a result, LTS technology remains quite limited to niche and specialized applications (e.g. Hadron Collider).

    In 1987, materials were discovered that exhibited superconducting properties at temperatures as high as 90 K. This class of materials was called High Temperature Superconductors or HTS. While this is still very cold, it was a significant breakthrough. These materials could now be cooled by liquid nitrogen which is much easier to work with, more readily available without supply issues and, most importantly, considerably cheaper than liquid helium.

    This drastic cost reduction in cryogenic systems cost opened new opportunities for superconducting applications. HTS communication devices, Maglev transportation, superconducting power cable and superconducting motors and generators were now economically possible. As with LTS devices, many HTS devices used superconducting wire as a base technology.

    Features of LTS:

    Are designed only to operate at 4K – therefore limiting to motor, generator applications
    Cooling cost and reliability key roadblock to market entry – liquid helium required for cooling (scarce resource)
    LTS is in full production use in MRI devices and can be scaled to meet demand for new MRI/NMR devices
    Good in-field performance and strength – 3T to 10T
    Very cost competitive - excluding cooling cost

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Hello Experimenters

    I have updated the diagram. In this installment I am running
    basic math for reference in the future.

    First the diagram look at the left side point A and B



    The points A and B represent the distance that the rotor
    will travel in 1 mSec @ 1800RPM here is how to reach that
    value.

    First we need the circumference at the center of the magnets
    measured in INCHES. Since the diameter at the center of the
    magnets is 9.6" we use PIE (3.14) X 9.6" = 30" Approx.

    So using 30" around the circle for 1 rotation, at 1800 rotations
    or 1800 RPM'S is 30" X 1800 = 54,000 inches of travel in 1 minute.

    1 Minute = 60 sec so we can divide 54,000" by 60 sec and this
    gives us the number of inches the rotor travels per second

    OR
    54,000 / 60 = 900" per second. So what about milliseconds?
    Well 1 second = 1000 milliseconds and if we want
    to figure out how far the rotor can travel in 1 mSec we divide
    again.

    Remember it was 900" per second? So divide 900 by 1000mSec
    and this equals .9" @ one speed of 1800 revolutions per minute.

    AT 1800RPM"S the 11" rotor will travel .9" in 1 mSec from point
    A to point B at the left. If our core area that faces the
    round rotor magnets is about 3/4" square as it travels from
    point A to B this is about the time that it takes for one magnet
    to loose it's influence on the core while the next magnet is
    coming into full force.

    This is about 1 mSec between magnetic poles @ 1800 RPM'S is
    this case.


    We don't want adjacent magnets fighting over the core
    material, we want them working together.


    If we use a 1.5" core this being to large the magnets will
    fight each other for control over the core material and cause
    heat. If the core area selected is 1/4" there will be a dead
    zone of non active force that would depend more on momentum
    as one magnet looses it's influence, waiting for another force to
    pick it up.

    It maybe a good lesson for experimenters to use 2 round magnets
    of North and South as planned for a motor/generator and pass
    various thickness core material over the area to understand
    this exercise. Use different spacing and core thickness to
    achieve an optimized geometry for your design.

    Backyard experimenting without calculation will result in
    complete and total failure, leaving 10 such builders wondering
    why each person had a different result.
    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-02-2016, 11:25 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Hello experimenters

    I have a start for doing the math on the rotor. First we must
    have something to start with and that is 1" magnets. Next we
    need the number of poles. After that we must consider the
    thickness of the magnet holders at 1/8th inch or 3mm. This
    gives us a 6mm or 1/4" gap between magnets.

    Next we can multiply 1.25" X 24 magnets = 30" dia. at the
    center of the 1" magnets. This leaves 1/2" to the outside
    of each magnet plus another 1/4" for an edge X 2 = an
    additional 1.5" on to 9.6" = 11.1"

    In other words 9.6" is the dia. at the center of the magnets

    like this

    1.25" magnet and gap X 24 = 30"

    also found by trial

    9.6" X 3.14 PIE = 30"

    That is all for now, next we will need to look at the core area
    and also the gap between magnet and core. Also remember that
    the magnet holders might be used to shield so the magnets sitting
    next to one another are not interacting with one another all of the
    time. The goal is to have North and South pole magnets interacting
    with core and coil only.

    Think about how strong those bad boys are then look at the fields
    as they lay by each other WITHOUT shielding, then add shielding.

    Metal shielding can also redirect flux for a greater concentration
    on one side, the side we are working with, unless of course you
    want a double open end and that is fine. More possibilities later
    as they all come to mind.







    Last edited by BroMikey; 02-06-2016, 01:12 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Here is a basic formula for these coils and let's
    not forget the magnets have a distance apart
    from one another. Distance traveled or speed
    is one measurement to be made on YOUR rotor
    and then there is the core area facing the magnets
    if to large or small will result in reduced effects.








    Last edited by BroMikey; 01-31-2016, 11:44 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied

    It is important that people understand that motors are not
    built in a random fashion whether conventional or otherwise.
    I see ReGenX acceleration Under Load attempts all over the
    web with half of them calling it a hoax.

    Yet not many are addressing the math in their replications.
    It would appear these experimenters drum up some part on hand
    nail it up and give it a shot without understanding how accurate
    motor building must be.

    Give these diagrams a look. The first one is a beautifully machined
    rig with perfection in math by none other than Thane the EE.

    The next diagram is my feeble try at suggesting math is required.
    It's no wonder that few successful replications are found.

    The distance between magnets and core thickness all play a roll.
    The critical minimum freq will not be reached and optimized at
    random.

    Some values will not be found without testing as long as you
    are in the ball field.





    Last edited by BroMikey; 01-31-2016, 10:33 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    For those of you who are not sure about the basic coil theory and
    terms such as cemp or bemf and many other speculative
    declarations look at these simple diagrams for a more practical
    side that will allow you to start building right away.

    Unless this teaching is followed to the letter the input current
    will climb out of control, the input current will drop if done
    as follows and the output coils will assist rotor torque while
    collecting huge sums of power returned to the battery.

    You will need to take notes on this video.
    Critical minimum freq and low resistance, high impedance are
    all important thoughts. Self induced capacitance.

    Equal and Equal reaction. Delayed Lenz.

    I recommend that each diagram have hand written notes.

    Unless each step is followed you will come back thinking
    that acceleration under load is a meaningless operation.
    Don't be like all the rest. Build yours today.

    This man is building his empire on this simple thought.

    In his case patents are not put together to hide his work along
    with supplemented video instruction. He is safe this way.

    Safe from attack because he has given away his work for free.

    If you didn't know Thane was in EE college that told him that
    his experiments were wrong. It was his experiments that produced
    the innovation, not the school books













    [VIDEO]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5osYN5f35Bc[/VIDEO]

















    Last edited by BroMikey; 01-31-2016, 02:07 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • BroMikey
    replied
    Look up the TESLA patent US524426 there you will see
    a plan to shift phase on 2 of the motor windings as a
    suggestion. The patents are vague and mostly hypothetical
    so we must go beyond there obvious statements.

    Look at how this man uses a 10-12 year old idea based of
    Thane Heins RegenX coils.

    He says one thing I have been looking Hi and Low for he says
    that the small DC motor current draw is the same or almost
    the same without generator coils as with generator cores.

    This has been a question that I have had for sometime.



    [VIDEO]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZM76OUle-A[/VIDEO]
    Last edited by BroMikey; 01-29-2016, 12:55 AM.

    Leave a comment:

Working...
X