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  #4291  
Old 11-14-2018, 11:39 PM
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hherby hherby is offline
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Re: so it would seem

The one battery circuit was intended to use a low lenz generator that will not drag the motor down when a load is placed on it. Turion pointed out a few possibilities besides his own design such as MrAngusWangus, an interference generator similar to Al Francours design and another who's name escapes me at the moment that used disc shaped neos allowed to spin horizontally as it passes a generator coil where the back mmf would make the magnet spin instead of dragging down the rotor. There are more options like flux switching generators or kromrey convertors, g-field generators, Tewari RLG, homopolar generators and most likely others we have never heard about.

I don't know what to say about the difference between using a battery or a power supply as the source without having your setup on my bench. The experiment was intended for a battery to be used as the power source.

Another thing I have encountered is problems with boost converters that are unable to deliver current on higher loads. Depending on the controller chip and circuit used in the device, it may not be slope compensated for duty cycles above 50% causing instability like the UC3845 without slope compensation circuitry in the converters I have. The other problem is the small inductor cores which are used. These small torroid cores may be saturating at higher duty cycles or being current limited when approaching the saturation point. A serious load will require seriously powerful off the shelf boost converters or ones designed for optimal performance under the specific conditions you want them to perform under. There are a lot of parameters to consider in a design. Input voltage, output voltage, output current, voltage ripple, inductor current ripple, low DCR windings, low ESR caps, core power ratings to accommodate peak inductor current without saturating, using synchronous rectification vs schottkey diodes, low Rds on mosfets, impedance matching to the load etc. etc. etc.... Lots of research to do in boost convertor design let alone low lenz generator design. So much to do, so little time...

Cheers,
Alex
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  #4292  
Old Yesterday, 01:26 AM
bistander bistander is offline
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Battery

I used a battery for the system test. I only used the power supply to check out the motor and generator before wiring them into the circuit.

I don't buy into "low lenz". Give me good old efficiency. I think my little DC generator is as, or more, efficient than the machines I've seen used by 3BGS builders.

bi
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  #4293  
Old Yesterday, 05:29 AM
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Da

bi,
Your data would have been much more favorable had you used a pulse motor, but lets take a look at what actually went on in the circuit.

According to your data...
How many watt hours were consumed by the first boost module?
How many watt hours were consumed by the motor?
How many watt hours were consumed by the second boost module
How many watt hours were consumed by the "load"?
All FOUR of the above were run by the system were they not? So aren't all FOUR of these devices the "actual" load?

What is your total power consumption for the time you ran the system? If you are only going to look at what was used to run the "load" in the diagram, it was a total failure as a system. But what if this little circuit was only to show you the power that is available? What if there was a better way to utilize that power to run the load.
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  #4294  
Old Yesterday, 06:25 AM
ricards ricards is online now
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Turion View Post
bi,
Your data would have been much more favorable had you used a pulse motor, but lets take a look at what actually went on in the circuit.

According to your data...
How many watt hours were consumed by the first boost module?
How many watt hours were consumed by the motor?
How many watt hours were consumed by the second boost module
How many watt hours were consumed by the "load"?
All FOUR of the above were run by the system were they not? So aren't all FOUR of these devices the "actual" load?

What is your total power consumption for the time you ran the system? If you are only going to look at what was used to run the "load" in the diagram, it was a total failure as a system. But what if this little circuit was only to show you the power that is available? What if there was a better way to utilize that power to run the load.
Hi turion,

that is one way to lose the fight, conservation of energy would say "energy was transformed" from battery>module>motor>gen>module>load all with less than 100% eff. resulting in "heating of the environment".
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  #4295  
Old Yesterday, 04:49 PM
bistander bistander is offline
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system

Quote:
Originally Posted by ricards View Post
Hi turion,

that is one way to lose the fight, conservation of energy would say "energy was transformed" from battery>module>motor>gen>module>load all with less than 100% eff. resulting in "heating of the environment".
Thank you ricards. Very good.

Turion,

(input) battery>module>motor>gen>module>load (output)

Energy is put into the system (from the outside world) by the battery. The load resistor represents energy delivered from the system to the outside world. Output of a system for efficiency is that power or energy doing useful or desired work outside the system. In this case we used a resistor for convenience so the work done was heating of my workshop. The load resistor could have been a lamp, or a fan, or a pump, or a coffee maker.

Some time ago I explained this to you by saying to put the system in a box. There are 3 ports. Input, output, and waste. Everything going on inside the box doesn't count in the efficiency calculation. Those are just internal processes.

Example. Efficiency of a car. Usually in miles per gallon. mi/gal, or mpg. Miles is short for work done to move vehicle a distance and knowing car's mass, rolling resistance and shape (for aero drag) could be converted into ft.lbf. (units of energy). Gallons represent input energy and easily converted to units of energy, BTU, knowing the type of fuel.

So car efficiency is output (work done moving a distance) divided by input (BTUs contained in the fuel used). One does not add up the engine output, the transmission output, the differential output, etc to get total power or energy converted to figure efficiency. Those are internal system intermediate conversions which do no useful work on the outside world.

bi
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  #4296  
Old Yesterday, 08:50 PM
bistander bistander is offline
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Previous post continued

Turion,

You speak often of "reusing" energy. About the only way of which I am aware can also use the car as an example. The input energy is in the fuel and output energy is the work done moving the car; the difference between the two amounts of energy is the waste heat coming out the exhaust and radiator. In the winter, some of that waste heat is diverted from the radiator to the cabin heating blowers. Heating the cabin and occupants is useful work so should be included in the system output for efficiency calculation. Such a scheme is often called cogeneration when used on larger scale with generation stations. In the car, it is a small fraction of total energy so is neglected in the mpg numbers.

bi
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  #4297  
Old Yesterday, 11:09 PM
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Turion Turion is offline
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Lol

Bi,
I know all that. Just wanted to see you get all wound up again and show us all you know. But it was ALSO to point out that there are DIFFERENT components in this system. Why that is important will be clear in a moment.

As to your data...

All I can talk about is what I see on MY bench with MY setup. It isnít up and running now, so I am going from memory and many, many, MANY runs are kind of mixed together in my head and I am on the road to AZ to see my kids, so donít have access to any of my lab books and notes, so this is a general statement.

I run two boosts in parallel off the battery and the output is a bit over 93% of the input. It is set to about 26 volts so the motor is seeing about 12. I am using the modified Matt motor so although there are some losses, I get extended run times with just these three components. By this I mean the motor runs longer than it would off just the battery. I have a second Matt motor as generator and used a light as a load. The output of the generator goes through the light to the battery. The light flashes on and off rapidly. The battery runs THAT setup far longer than just the three basic pieces, which is STILL longer than just the motor connected to the battery, which is why I posted it.

YOU are looking at the light as your load. I am looking at the motor as mine. It makes a difference.

You have different components. You will get different results.
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  #4298  
Old Yesterday, 11:56 PM
bistander bistander is offline
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Just doesn't seem right

Quote:
Originally Posted by Turion View Post
...

I run two boosts in parallel off the battery and the output is a bit over 93% of the input. It is set to about 26 volts so the motor is seeing about 12. I am using the modified Matt motor so although there are some losses, I get extended run times with just these three components. By this I mean the motor runs longer than it would off just the battery. ...

YOU are looking at the light as your load. I am looking at the motor as mine. It makes a difference.
...
So you have three components. One battery and two boosts (converters, I assume). The motor is the load.
You get 93% of battery energy out of the converters (to the motor). And you claim the motor runs longer with 93% of battery energy than it does on 100% of battery energy.
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  #4299  
Old Today, 02:23 AM
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Turion Turion is offline
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Info

You got it. Because some of the energy input into the motor is cycled back to the battery, charging it.
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  #4300  
Old Today, 02:48 AM
bistander bistander is offline
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???

Quote:
Originally Posted by Turion View Post
You got it. Because some of the energy input into the motor is cycled back to the battery, charging it.
By what route does energy go from the motor to the battery?
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  #4301  
Old Today, 04:25 AM
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The motor is running between the positive output of the boost converter (at 26 volts) and the positive pole of the battery (at 12 volts).
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