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Nikola Tesla’s Turbine Secrets - Global Open Source Project

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    Here are the modifications I propose to turn the self resonating PDE into a steam boiler.










    The rapidly expanding steam will siphon a water tank.

    Steam at 100 degrees C / 212 degrees F has a density 1,700 times higher than the volume of water, therefore a 1 gallon tank of water can in theory produce 1,700 gallons of steam.

    The rapidly expanding steam is capable of moving at supersonic speeds. This expansion can cause a venturi vacuum which will lower the boiling point of water.

    Steam at 17.5 degree C / 63.5 degrees F has a density 67,000 times higher than the volume of water, therefore a 1 gallon tank of water can in theory produce 67,000 gallons of steam.


    As the steam gets colder the density goes up. I cannot find a table that goes any lower.


    My understanding of Tesla's PDE is that the system is an open air "Cryophorus".


    If you are not aware Aaron Murakami and Peter Lindemann have already validated my research partner Jeremiah Ferwerda's sealed system "Cryophorus".




    Tesla first postulated the Tesla turbine in 1900 in "The Problem of Increasing Human Energy"


    "Could we produce artificially such a “sink” for the energy of the ambient medium to flow in? Suppose that an extremely low temperature could be maintained by some process in a given space; the surrounding medium would then be compelled to give off heat, which could be converted into mechanical or other form of energy, and utilized. By realizing such a plan, we should be enabled to get at any point of the globe a continuous supply of energy, day and night. More than this, reasoning in the abstract, it would seem possible to cause a quick circulation of the medium, and thus draw the energy at a very rapid rate."

    Tesla built the first Tesla turbine in 1906.

    Tesla submitted the Tesla turbine, rotary engine, vacuum pump and compressor in 1909.

    Tesla submitted the patent for the valvular conduit and PDE in 1916.

    There is a lot of research and development carried out to bring this to the people. Tesla knew he was getting suppressed so he was very sneaky in the way he released his work.

    He wrote and drew the patents in a way that would only be understood by replicators who bothered to build his machines.

    When you build and test the machines the words come to life and have true meaning.

    I have spent the last 18 months replicating Tesla's mechanical machines full time in order to bring you this information.


    Aaron invited me to present at the latest conference but with the current world situation I think you would all benefit more from me doing what I've been doing for the last 18 months.

    All my work is open source and if you can help me out financially so I can help us all out, it would be very appreciated.


    https://www.gofundme.com/f/cold-steam-tesla-turbine



    Here is a the link to my open source resource library which now includes "The Real Tesla Car", "Pulse Detonation Engine", "Flying Machine" and much more.

    https://www.dropbox.com/sh/9jb1q65u3tyilhv/AAD4pdgQOdMKsdpfPpREkyDIa?dl=0
    Last edited by soundiceuk; 05-11-2020, 05:49 PM.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    For the last month I have been building Nikola Tesla Pulse Detonation Engine (PDE) in an effort to replicate Nikola Tesla's Fig 1, 2 & 4 from the Valvular Conduit patent.

    US Patent 1,329,559


    https://teslauniverse.com/nikola-tes...lvular-conduit

    The purpose of this device has not been fully realised yet but it is my mission to enable that to happen.

    The purpose of Tesla's PDE is to boil water. Tesla was quite secretive about this fact but if you had studied Tesla and his electrical and mechanical work to the depth I have, it would become very obvious.

    Tesla writes in the Valvular Conduit patent:


    "To prevent injury through excessive heating a jacket 25 may be used, or else water injected, and when these means are objectionable recourse may be had to air cooling, this all the more readily as very high temperatures are practicable."

    Here is an extract of a Nikola Tesla article from 1916 called "Wonders of the Future".

    If you've never read it buckle up! https://teslauniverse.com/nikola-tes...2WJ0MYrNVeaD5E

    Here is an extract:


    "Water power offers great opportunities for novel electrical applications, particularly in the department of electrochemistry. The harnessing of waterfalls is the most economical method known for drawing energy from the sun. This is due to the fact that both water and electricity are incompressible."



    Here Nikola Tesla show how to use gasoline gravity fed into the system.

    Notice how he doesn't show a water supply to or from the water jacket???

    Tesla is a master teacher as he manages to encapsulate his teachings deep within his work. His intentions hidden from the financial elite and copycats left for someone in the future to come and point the way!



    Here are my progress videos.












    Here I show the difference between "Capacitive Discharge Ignition" & "Aaron Murakami's Plasma Ignition"




    After some basic modifications by opening the ports up to 7mm I show the first time I got the PDE into self resonance.



    Tesla states in the Valvular Conduit patent:


    "After a short lapse of time the chamber becomes heated to such a degree that the ignition device may be shut off without disturbing the established regime."
    Last edited by soundiceuk; 05-11-2020, 05:42 PM.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    Hi everyone,

    It has been a while since my last update.

    I have got some very interesting information to present.



    First how about we try and establish some facts and if anyone can help my expand or refine this it would be appreciated as mechanical engineers and scientists around the world rely on the flawed:

    2nd Law of Thermodynamics


    I have been studying the origins of the 2nd law of thermodynamics and the flaws are quite apparent to me.

    What strikes me as ludicrous is that engineers and science accept that heat pumps can have a efficiency in the 90's and maximum coefficient of performance of 5.0.

    However, when it comes to a heat engine it is accepted that the "Carnot Heat Engine" is the highest theoretical maximum and all heat engines are compared to Carnot's 1824 archaic design.

    Carnot's 1824 Theoretical Heat Engine:

    1. Has 4 stages and therefore 4 changes of direction which is a loss

    2. Uses a piston which is a loss - Only 4% (the piston) of material doing work in the engine

    3. Low RPM limit

    4. Closed system - Doesn't allow for environmental input like its opposite HEAT PUMP.

    5. Proposed by French physicist Sadi Carnot (AGE 28) in 1824



    Tesla's 1906 Heat Engine:

    1. No friction - In his patents Tesla states "almost frictionless bearings", he was using steam bearings

    2. No piston - Rotor uses 100% of material to do work - Rotor doesn't have to make 180 degree reversals

    3. Viscous engine - The rotor is moved using the viscosity of the fluid

    4. The four stroke cycle happens along the rotational path

    5. RPM limit very high in comparison to piston engine

    6. Uses heat from steam source and end temperature is lower than ambient air temperature

    7. Rapidly condenses the steam back to water which allows the rotor to extract large amounts of heat from steam - essentially the engine is the condenser too.

    8. Open system - Allows for environmental input - atmospheric pressure and solar heat

    9. Was first built by Nikola Tesla (AGE 50) in 1906.
    Last edited by soundiceuk; 05-11-2020, 05:37 PM.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied


    Our Mk2 Tesla Turbine 5" Stainless Steel 316 Rotor Warps at 682MPH and slows turbine down by rubbing on the acrylic casing.

    I could smell it whilst I was watching through a blast shield! As it slows down the metal changes shape and allows it to speed up again until the pressure has decreased too much in the compressed air tank to allow acceleration.

    The stainless steel 316 metal has not got a high enough yield and tensile strength for these pressures and speeds. This is also why Tesla recommended tapered discs. You can not taper stainless steel 316 easily. Forged discs would work well.

    This is probably the fastest Tesla turbine since Nikola Tesla was alive. How did he do it? He used Nickel Silver which was the highest yield and tensile strength metal available at the time aka "German Silver", C770. Nikola Tesla also invented analogue dynamic balancing which is far superior to digital or static analogue or digital balancing. British Patent 186,799


    To allow the rotor to supersonic speeds we will now use our hardened stainless 420HTP (surgical steel) rotor with tapered discs which is the full Mk2 design. Also we will use our simple design stainless steel 316 air bearings will enable:

    1. Quiet running
    2. Supersonic starting speed which will enable:
    3. Continuous vacuum with no compressed air input - Self-Acting Machine
    4. Ambient air tap for port (one that tap fell off) to turn machine into self running adjustable speed motor
    5. Ambient air tap for diverging nozzle for rapidly converting atmospheric pressure and heat to distilled water. Dehumidifier on steroids!!! I need to get the new rotor balanced and retest to show you the difference.

    I expect it to be far superior in all the ways I have described.
    Last edited by soundiceuk; 05-13-2020, 01:31 PM.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied


    Open source replication of Nikola Tesla's no moving parts "Pulse Detonation Engine" Combustion Chamber. Youtuber iEnergySuppy (Ienergysupply Jeremiah) has already achieved 290hz (pulses per second) which is the equivalent of a four stroke engine doing 34,800rpm.

    Formula one hasn't come close to this combustion rate as they are limited by mechanical capabilities of moving parts.

    This is where Nikola Tesla's engine is very different as the engine has no moving parts. The high pressure that normally forces the pistons down on the power stroke is instead used to apply its energy using viscosity and impact upon exhaust to the rotor of a Tesla turbine.

    In a piston engine only 4% of the metal (the piston crown) is actually doing useful work.

    In a Tesla turbine 100% of the rotor is doing work.

    The Tesla turbine if using air / steam bearings is 100% frictionless.

    It is the only engine I know of that gets cold instead of hot as it does work.

    Stand by for video of testing and pulse count.

    My aim is for a very high pulse count.

    What is extremely interesting is the faster the pulses the colder the flame! This is because the flame becomes supersonic and starts to make a partial vacuum. The faster the flame the higher the partial vacuum.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied


    First 350PSI bench test using 232bar compressed air tank with 50bar regulator.

    We could have gone faster but we wanted to stop and check the £4 SKF-Z1 608 ball bearings.

    These ball bearings are built like tanks! Metal shield, metal cage and races.

    Using some Kluber ISOFLEX NBU 15 High Speed Grease. Clean old grease out with brake cleaner and brush 0.11 grams of new grease and into each bearing.

    Using air bearings soon we enable us to reach supersonic speed rapidly. This is because "gravity" does not exist on the axle/rotor assembly vs air bearings, zero friction air bearings. The acceleration will be immense! Bearings will be cleaned and re-greased for next test!

    Stand by for 450PSI test coming up after we have made a few tweaks and got a larger compressed air tank.

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  • yaro1776
    replied

    Jeremiah - Excellent work here combining the 2 stage Tesla Turbine concept with the Cryophorus process. Simple thermodynamic principles of water's phase change at greatly reduced pressure leveraged to produce mechanical power. Very clever and brilliant! I do hope to make it to the ESTC to see this mind boggling configuration in action.

    Keep up the good work here...
    Yaro Stanchak


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  • Aaron
    replied

    SELF-SUSTAINING TWO-STAGE TESLA TURBINE
    by Jeremiah Ferwerda

    Presentation coming to the 2020 ESTC with previously undisclosed experiments.

    Demonstrations will be given as part of the talk.

    Seats are filling up fast so get your tickets while you can.

    http://energyscienceconference.com

    Leave a comment:


  • iEnergySupply
    replied
    Over one horsepower from a 2.5 lb plastic turbine. The rotor weighs .25 lbs. It's a dual stage turbine. It's powering a Newman generator!

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    628MPH - PLASTIC UNBALANCED ROTOR IMPLOSION - PLASTIC CASING TAKES A BEATING

    Run 2 - 192,000rpm in under 2 second with Mk2 rotor, 28mm diameter, 3 gram, 3 disc, centre solid disc, two star washers 3D printed rotor UNBALANCED!

    thumbnail.jpg

    "I just did another run and got up to 192,000 RPM in 2 seconds before the rotor disks went bang. I need to open the valve a bit more slowly in future, I think I was just lucky the first time."

    "The rotor disks are hammered onto the shaft, a very tight fit, and the bearings simply pushed onto the shaft, also quite a tight fit though I think not tight enough which might be part of the reason for the breakage this time as there were signs of the black rotor disk material on the sides of the casing. I will have to do something about that anyway for the air-bearing scenario.
    Rob"
    Last edited by soundiceuk; 02-21-2020, 10:25 PM.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied


    Balanced stainless steel 316 Mk2 rotor on grade 5 titanium shaft.

    I am trailing a new set of ball bearings and will be doing comparison tests of several 608, 22mm OD x 8mm ID x 7mm ball bearings. Trying to find the best of the best.

    Then I will be comparing ball bearings to my stainless steel mk3 air bearings.

    Using air bearings "gravity" doesn't exist in the turbine!!!!

    Rotor is balanced to 156,000rpm

    This 126mm, 15 disc, 1750 gram rotor is built to take a beating.

    The rotor has a solid 0.8mm centre disc, 14 x 0.8mm star washers, 12 x 0.8mm discs with exhaust ports, 2 x 4mm tapered end plates. Here we test up to 23,000rpm which is 151 meters per second periphery speed.

    There is approximately 10kw of inertia stored in the Tesla turbine rotor at this speed.

    We will soon be pushing the speed to high levels and generating power too.

    Stand by for YOUTUBE LIVE date to be announced!

    Want to see a single stage Tesla turbine go supersonic? Put your name down in the comments for an early invite.

    When the water in your bath makes a vortex, it is falling very fast and making vacuum to cause this effect.

    To make this happen using air, supersonic periphery speeds must be attained. What happens next we will soon see live!!! There has been a lot of preparation for this moment! A man made tornado in a box!

    Watch history in the making!

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  • soundiceuk
    replied


    £60 Ebay Water Distillation Kit bastardised for Cryophorus replication.

    William Hyde Wollaston's 1812 discovery using modern glassware.

    Thanks to Nikola Tesla for leaving the trail of clues.

    http://www.tfcbooks.com/tesla/1931-12-00.htm

    Using a Tesla turbine and a Cryophorus together enables a turbine to be ran using a vacuum as the starter motor enabling the rapid expansion of water to cold steam which is condensed back to water by the turbine. Using the phase change of water to gas back to water as the energy source. The latent heat of evaporation and the elastic fluid abilities of water in a vacuum is an energy source. The energy is solar and is stored in water in the form of heat.

    The Tesla turbine diverging nozzle will convert the pressure differential to supersonic speeds of flow. The cold steam will impact the spoked washers after losing some of the fluids speed via adhesion and viscosity to the rotor. The final impact is where most of the speed is lost. This caused rapid loss of heat of the fluid.

    Water naturally is compressed by the weight of the miles of sky compressing it to form a second layer under the ocean of air. Giving water the conditions to rapidly expand to gas releases heat which the Tesla turbine can convert into kinetic energy.

    This is solar energy harvesting. Using the ambient heat of the atmosphere as a battery. Essentially Solar power day and night!

    hat is needed to improve the system is a vacuum tight system, a Tesla turbine in the middle to convert the heat to kinetic energy which will maintain the temperature difference and vacuum. Cold steam can move at supersonic speeds. The higher the vacuum the more expansive the water and the lower boiling point. I am currently using 1/4hp single stage vacuum pump £65 off ebay. It wasn't the cheapest but it was the second cheapest. Now considering using a 1hp vacuum pump capable of 15 microns vacuum. This is theory could boil ice that is -37 degrees. It would rapidly boil room temperature water.

    The reason the effect stops is because:

    a) The is no Tesla turbine in the middle.
    b) The temperature of the water drops below the point of boiling
    c) The is cheap glassware and doesn't 100% seal
    d) No ice was used on cold side

    n improvement would be to use borosilicate scientific glassware. Switching off the vacuum pump revealed there are leaks somewhere. I could use ice on the cold side but I know the Tesla turbine removes so much heat I won't need to.

    Not bad for 1st attempt.

    I actually drank the distilled water that arrived in the 2nd flask to compare it with my home distilled water.

    Was distilled and chilled whereas my home system is distilled and warm. I prefer the chilled. With a leak proof system and hand vacuum pump it would be possible to purify water for the expense of pumping a Mityvac by hand until necessary vacuum is achieved. With no leaks clean, chilled, distilled water could rapidly be obtained. Even sea water or muddy polluted water could be used. I will see what upgrades we can add to improve the system. I encourage others to build these systems as we can move away from relying on others for clean water with no contaminants.

    My home system takes about 4 hours to distil 4 litres of water.

    With a sealed system and Tesla turbine water could be distilled very rapidly.
    Last edited by soundiceuk; 02-21-2020, 07:59 PM.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    A couple of mods and this will be a supersonic self runner.

    I’ve given him all the options I can think of for 3D printed rotor.

    3D printed stainless 316 was a suggestion.

    Compressed air cylinder was another.

    Air bearings built into the casing another.

    I bet he does all 3.

    This build will have more than a 250 watt solar panel.

    I seriously bet that is an understatement hahah!

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    Hi folks, just a little update.

    I've got some very interesting things happening soon. The culmination of the research and development so far.

    Prepare to have your minds blown!

    Here a tiny teaser of low rpm gyroscopic effects.

    17,000rpm is low rpm for this rotor.

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  • soundiceuk
    replied
    The world record has been broken for the fastest accelerating single stage Tesla turbine by Rob Meades using my Tesla Cube 3D printed design.

    I advised him to use GRW bearings instead of the SKF bearings I used.



    He is now working on a way of measuring the RPM using an AC motor and Hz meter.

    For the complete build guide so far check out:

    http://www.meades.org/misc/all_thing...gs_nikola.html

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